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Critically Speaking

Jul 3, 2019

In this episode, Therese Markow and Masha Gartstein discuss Descriptions of infant temperament and the most widely used definition, the dynamic nature of temperament in early childhood and how infants regulate their emotions, and finally, the negative impacts of prenatal maternal stress on an infant’s temperament.    


Key Takeaways:  

  • Temperament is activity level, emotionality and fussiness 
  • What psychologists refer to as "executive functions" include judgment, planning, and most predominately, flexibility.  
  • Babies who exhibit distress and are unable to regulate themselves are prone to experience emotional difficulties down the road. 


"Some biological effects are non-genetic in nature, but environmentally driven, including things that mom experienced while the child was in the womb." —  Dr. Masha Gartstein 


Connect with Dr. Masha Gartstein:    

Website:   Gartstein Temperament Lab 


Connect with Therese Markow: